Zambia Red Cross Society is an Organisation that was established by an Act of Parliament under the Societies Act Cap 307. The collective plan of action for the Society is to tackle major humanitarian and developmental challenges in the Country, with the Society being committed to saving lives and changing mind sets. The Society has been in existence since 1966 after taking over from the British Red Cross Society, two years after Zambia gained its Independence from Northern Rhodesia in 1964.
ZRCS’ major role is to complement Government and International efforts of Local Agencies in providing humanitarian services to the most vulnerable and restoring dignity to victims of disaster, be it of man-made disasters or natural disasters. The Society anchors itself on 7 Fundamental Principles. These Principals are the foundation for Red Cross Societies Universally. These Principles are:
Humanity: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its International and National Capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace among all peoples.
Impartiality: It makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavours to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.
Neutrality: In order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.
Independence: The Movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.
Voluntary service: It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.
Unity: There can be only one Red Cross or Red Crescent society in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.
Universality: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.